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Education Administrators Job Overview

Education administrators provide instructional leadership to adults and manage the day-to-day instructional activities in preschools, day care centers, K-12 schools, colleges and universities, community development agencies, county health departments, and human resource development departments in corporations. They also direct educational programs in correctional institutions, museums, and other community service organizations.

Job Tasks

  • Set educational standards and goals, and establish the policies and procedures required to achieve them
  • Supervise managers, support staff, instructors, counselors, librarians, coaches, and other employees
  • Develop academic programs, and monitor students’ educational progress
  • Train and motivate instructors and other staff
  • Manage career counseling and other student services
  • Administer recordkeeping, and prepare budgets
  • Handle relations with students, employers, and the community

Job Titles

  • School President
  • Superintendent
  • Principal/Asst. Principal
  • Provost
  • Dean
  • Director of Human Resources
  • Community Developer
  • Regional Developer
  • Business Manager
  • Director of Development
  • Department Head/Chair
  • Director of Student Affairs, Student Services, Admissions, Financial Aid, Athletics
  • As well as many business and health related roles

Job Outlook
Employment is projected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations. Job opportunities should be excellent due to a large number of expected retirements and fewer applicants for some positions.

Job Prospects
Employment of education administrators is expected to grow by about 8 percent between 2008 and 2018. Job opportunities should be excellent due to a large number of expected retirements and fewer applicants for some positions.

Job Projection Data 2008-2018

  • Job growth: 8%
  • New Jobs Created: 37,000

Earnings
In May 2008, postsecondary school administrators had median annual wages of $80,670. The middle 50 percent earned between $58,940 and $113,860. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $45,050 and the highest 10 percent earned more than $160,500.

Benefits for education administrators are generally very good. Many get 4 or 5 weeks of vacation every year and have generous health and pension packages. Many colleges and universities offer free tuition to employees and their families.

*All information from the U.S. Dept. of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics – 2010-2011 Occupational Outlook Handbook

Postsecondary Teachers Job Overview

Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and vocational subjects beyond the high school level. Most of these students are working toward a degree, but many others are studying for a certificate or certification to improve their knowledge or career skills. Postsecondary teachers include college and university faculty, postsecondary career and technical education teachers, and graduate teaching assistants. Teaching in any venue involves forming a lesson plan, presenting material to students, responding to students learning needs, and evaluating students’ progress. In addition to teaching, postsecondary teachers, particularly those at 4-year colleges and universities, perform a significant amount of research in the subject they teach. They also must keep up with new developments in their field and may consult with government, business, nonprofit, and community organizations.

Job Tasks

  • Teach several related courses within their subject
  • Form lesson plans, present materials to students, respond to students learning needs, and evaluate students’ progress
  • Prepare lectures, exercises, and laboratory experiments, grade exams and papers, and advise and work with students individually
  • Encouraged to do their own research to expand knowledge in their field by performing experiments, collecting and analyzing data, or examining original documents, literature, and other source material
  • Supervise graduate students' teaching and research
  • Use computer technology extensively, including the Internet, e-mail, and software programs that aid teaching; and may post course content, class notes, class schedules, and other information on the Internet.
  • Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with the policies of their institution, departmental matters, academic issues, curricula, budgets, purchases of equipment, and hiring
  • May consult with government, business, nonprofit, and community organizations

Training & Other Qualifications
The education and training required of postsecondary teachers varies widely, depending on the subject taught and the educational institution employing them. Educational requirements for teachers generally are highest at research universities, where a Ph.D. is the most commonly held degree.

Education and Training  
Four-year colleges and universities usually require candidates for full-time, tenure-track positions to hold a doctoral degree. However, they may hire master's degree holders or doctoral candidates for certain disciplines, such as the arts, or for part-time and temporary jobs.

In 2-year colleges, master's degree holders fill most full-time teaching positions. However, in certain fields where there may be more applicants than available jobs, institutions can be more selective in their hiring practices. In these fields, master's degree holders may be passed over in favor of candidates holding Ph.D.s. Many 2-year institutions increasingly prefer job applicants to have some teaching experience or experience with distance learning. Preference also may be given to those holding dual master's degrees, especially at smaller institutions, because those with dual degrees can teach more subjects.

Other Qualifications
Postsecondary teachers should communicate and relate well with students, enjoy working with them, and be able to motivate them. They should have inquiring and analytical minds and a strong desire to pursue and disseminate knowledge. In addition, they must be self-motivated and able to work in an environment in which they receive little direct supervision.

Job Outlook
Job openings will stem from faster than the average employment growth and many expected retirements. Competition is expected for tenure-track positions; better opportunities are expected for part-time or non-tenure-track positions. Ph.D. and doctoral recipients should experience the best job prospects.

Job Prospects
Postsecondary teachers are expected to grow by 15 percent between 2008 and 2018, which is faster than the average for all occupations. Projected growth in the occupation will be due primarily to increases in college and university enrollment over the next decade. This enrollment growth stems mainly from the expected increase in the population of 18- to 24-year-olds, who constitute the majority of students at postsecondary institutions, and from the increasing number of high school graduates who choose to attend these institutions. Adults returning to college to enhance their career prospects or to update their skills also will continue to create new opportunities for postsecondary teachers, particularly at community colleges and for-profit institutions that cater to working adults.

Competition is expected for tenure-track positions; better opportunities are expected for part-time or non-tenure-track positions, as well as at community colleges. A significant number of openings in this occupation will be created by growth in enrollments and the need to replace the large numbers of postsecondary teachers who are likely to retire over the next decade.

Job Projection Data 2008-2018

  • Job growth:  15%
  • New Jobs Created:  256,900

Earnings
Median annual earnings of all postsecondary teachers in May 2008 were $58,830. The middle 50 percent earned between $41,600 and $83,960. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $28,870, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $121,850.

Earnings for college faculty vary with the rank and type of institution, geographic area, and field. According to a 2008–09 survey by the American Association of University Professors, salaries for full-time faculty averaged $79,439.  By rank, the average was $108,749 for professors, $76,147 for associate professors, $63,827 for assistant professors, $45,977 for instructors, and $52,436 for lecturers. In 2008–09, full-time faculty salaries averaged $92,257 in private independent institutions, $77,009 in public institutions, and $71,857 in religiously affiliated private colleges and universities. Faculty in 4-year institutions earn higher salaries, on average, than do those in 2-year schools. In fields with high-paying nonacademic alternatives—medicine, law, engineering, and business, among others—earnings exceed these averages.

Many faculty members have significant earnings from consulting, teaching additional courses, research, writing for publication, or other employment, in addition to their base salary. Many college and university faculty enjoy unique benefits, including access to campus facilities, tuition waivers for dependents, housing and travel allowances, and paid leave for sabbaticals.

*All information from the U.S. Dept. of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics – 2010-2011 Occupational Outlook Handbook

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